Create Python apps using SQL Server on Ubuntu
In this section, you will get SQL Server 2017 running on Ubuntu. After that you will install the necessary dependencies to create Python apps with SQL Server
Step 1.1 Install SQL Server
Note: To ensure optimal performance of SQL Server, your machine should have at least 4 GB of memory. If you need to get Ubuntu, check out the Ubuntu Downloads website.
Register the Microsoft Linux repositories and add their keys.
curl https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | sudo apt-key add - curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/mssql-server-2017.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mssql-server-2017.list
Install SQL Server.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install mssql-server
Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed: mssql-server ... Unpacking mssql-server ... Setting up mssql-server ...
Setup your SQL Server.
sudo /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup
Microsoft(R) SQL Server(R) Setup To abort setup at anytime, press Ctrl-C. The license terms for this product can be downloaded from http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=746388 and found in /usr/share/doc/mssql-server/LICENSE.TXT. Do you accept the license terms? If so, please type YES: Please enter a password for the system administrator (SA) account: Please confirm the password for the system administrator (SA) account:
You now have SQL Server running locally on your Ubuntu machine! Check out the next section to continue installing prerequisites.
Step 1.2 Install Python and other required packages
sudo apt-get install python python-pip gcc g++ build-essential
You now have Python installed! The next section will walk you through getting the tools to interact with your database.
Step 1.3 Install the ODBC Driver and SQL Command Line Utility for SQL Server
SQLCMD is a command line tool that enables you to connect to SQL Server and run queries.
sudo su curl https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | apt-key add - #Download appropriate package for the OS version #Choose only ONE of the following, corresponding to your OS version #Ubuntu 16.04 curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/prod.list > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mssql-release.list #Ubuntu 18.04 curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/18.04/prod.list > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mssql-release.list #Ubuntu 19.10 curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/19.10/prod.list > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mssql-release.list exit sudo apt-get update sudo ACCEPT_EULA=Y apt-get install msodbcsql17 # optional: for bcp and sqlcmd sudo ACCEPT_EULA=Y apt-get install mssql-tools echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bash_profile echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc # optional: for unixODBC development headers sudo apt-get install unixodbc-dev
After installing SQLCMD, you can connect to SQL Server using the following command:
sqlcmd -S localhost -U sa -P yourpassword 1> # You're connected! Type your T-SQL statements here. Use the keyword 'GO' to execute each batch of statements.
This how to run a basic inline query. The results will be printed to the STDOUT.
sqlcmd -S localhost -U sa -P yourpassword -Q "SELECT @@VERSION"
-------------------------------------------------------- Microsoft SQL Server vNext (CTP2.0) - 14.0.500.272 (X64) Apr 13 2017 11:44:40 Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation on Linux (Ubuntu 16.04) 1 rows(s) returned Executed in 1 ns
You have successfully installed SQL Server Command Line Utilities on your Ubuntu machine!
You have successfully installed the Python Driver on your Ubuntu machi. You now have everything you need to start writing Python apps with SQL Server!